Rule 10. Form of Pleadings
(a) Caption; Names of Parties. Every pleading must have a caption with the court’s name, the county, a title, a case number, and a Rule 7(a) designation. The caption of the complaint must name all the parties; the caption of other pleadings, after naming the first party on each side, may refer generally to other parties.
(b) Paragraphs; Separate Statements. A party must state its claims or defenses in numbered paragraphs, each limited as far as practicable to a single set of circumstances. A later pleading may refer by number to a paragraph in an earlier pleading. If doing so would promote clarity, each claim founded on a separate transaction or occurrence—and each defense other than a denial—must be stated in a separate count or defense.
(c) Adoption by Reference; Exhibits. A statement in a pleading may be adopted by reference elsewhere in the same pleading or in any other pleading or motion. A copy of a written instrument that is an exhibit to a pleading is a part of the pleading for all purposes.
(d) Using a Fictitious Name to Identify a Defendant. If the name of a defendant is unknown to the pleader, the defendant may be designated by any name. When the defendant’s true name is discovered, the pleader should promptly substitute the actual defendant for a fictitious party.
Advisory Committee Note—2019 Amendment
The amendments generally conform Rule 10 to FRCP 10, except that Rule 10 retains the Nevada-specific provisions relating to captions of pleadings and permitting a party to name fictitious defendants. The federal rules do not have a provision permitting a pleader to name a fictitious defendant. The amendment moves the fictitious-party provision from former NRCP 10(a) to Rule 10(d). This move represents a stylistic, not a substantive, change to existing Nevada law.